The newest scientific publication devoted to The Battle of Khotyn, 1621 between the Ottoman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The hundreds of thousands of people took part in it. The numerous historical researchs describe a comparative analysis of the military potential of the belligerents. Many illustrated materials are included. Each chapter is presented with the up-to-date photographs of the architectural monuments of Ukraine, Turkey, Belarus, Lithuania and Poland, which were related to the described events and historical figures.